Please find below information about the institution selected.
The executive power rests with the Seimas, a
unicameral parliament composed of 141 national representatives elected for the
tenure of 4 years.
For the purpose of consideration of draft laws and
other matters, the Seimas sets up committees. There are currently 15 committees
at the Seimas. The Seimas has the Conference of Chairs, witch consisting of the Seimas
Board and representatives of all the political groups. The Conference of Chairs considers the work program of the session, decides on the most important issues
concerning the drafting of the parliamentary agenda, and coordinates the work
of the committees and political groups.
The key functions of the Seimas include the adoption
of legislation and parliamentary scrutiny. The Seimas annually meets for two
four-month-long regular sessions: the spring and the autumn session.
ROLE OF THE SEIMAS IN CONSIDERATION OF EUROPEAN UNION
Since the Republic of Lithuania joined the European Union on 1 May 2004,
the Seimas has chosen a model of active parliamentary involvement in debating
European Union matters with the powers of the Seimas embedded in the
Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania to participate in deliberating EU
matters and the right to receive all information related to EU matters. According
to the model for the parliamentary scrutiny of the consideration of EU matters,
parliamentary scrutiny is understood not only as assessment of completed
activities but also as monitoring of activities conducted by the Executive.
In line with the model established in the Seimas for the coordination of
EU matters, all the committees participate in considering EU matters. Two of
the committees, however, the Committee on European Affairs and the Committee on
Foreign Affairs in particular, have exceptional powers. The Committees may,
according to the procedure established by the Statute of the Seimas, submit to
the Government the opinion of the Seimas concerning draft legislative acts of
the European Union.
MONITORING OF THE SUBSIDIARITY PRINCIPLE
In conformity with the Seimas Statute, sectoral
committees are responsible for due and timely monitoring of the subsidiarity
principle within their remit (no later than five weeks after the receipt of the
draft legislative act).
The conclusions of the sectoral committee are
discussed in the Committee on European Affairs, within a week.
Where the decision is reached that there is a
likelihood that a draft legislative act of the EU does not comply with the
principle of subsidiarity, the conclusions of the Committee on European Affairs
jointly with the Seimas draft resolution on the reasoned opinion stating the
reasons why the draft in question does not comply with the principle of
subsidiarity are forwarded for deliberation at the Seimas plenary.
The conclusions of the Committee on European Affairs on
the non–compliance of a draft legislative act of the European Union with the
principle of subsidiarity must be considered at the Seimas plenary no later
than within one week after the date of their registration with the Secretariat
of the Seimas Sittings and, if possible, no later than one week before the
eight week deadline calculated from the date of forwarding the draft
legislative act of the EU to the national Parliaments of the Member States in
all the official EU languages.
The Seimas draft resolution on the reasoned opinion on
the non–compliance of the draft legislative act of the EU with the principle of
subsidiarity submitted by the Committee on European Affairs is considered at
the Seimas plenary under the procedure of exceptional urgency. The participants
of the plenary sitting hear the conclusions of the specialised committee and the
Committee on European Affairs stating whether they consider that the draft in
question not complies with the principle of subsidiarity.